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posted Sept 2004, revised August 2006

History of Barnstable County, Massachusetts

edited by Simeon L. Deyo.

1890. New York: H. W. Blake & Co

    Simeon Deyo (1829-1905) was a Naples, New York newspaper editor and businessman — no idea why he was editing books about Cape Cod and Maine. His name is sometimes spelled "De'yo."
    Introductory chapters 1-8 are available as PDF files from the Barnstable County Genweb site, and most of it is available at HeritageQuest.com (for a fee, or through a subscribing library.) Some pictures were scanned from the book at Boston University, and more recently from my own copy.   There are very many typos in the original
I fixed some, missed some, left those I wasn't sure about, and introduced a few. Deyo relied on his informants for the genealogy it has many errors. Each of the town chapters has a long section describing its history, industries and villages, then a section with short biographies of men who cared to be described in the book (which certainly was not all the prominent ones.) I'm splitting some chapters into 2 sections, with the biographies separate, due to file size.

Deyo town maptable of contents and list of illustrations (below)
map of Indian tribes (from Chapter 2)

map of English settlements and dates (from Chapter 5)

Industrial Resources - chapter 9
Bench and Bar - 10
Medical Profession -11
Literature and Literary Figures- 12
[Aug 2006 - I split the former combined file of Professionals.]
Provincetown
Truro

Wellfleet
, index for Wellfleet
Eastham
Orleans
Chatham
Brewster
Harwich, Harwich biographies
Dennis
Yarmouth
Mashpee
Barnstable, Barnstable biographies
Sandwich, Sandwich biographies
Bourne, Bourne biographies
Falmouth, Falmouth biographies
* Bourne, Sandwich, Barnstable and Falmouth lack pictures, so far. (Aug 2006) *
**Files are proofread, but mistakes remain. Please report suspected non-punctuation errors to webmaster[at]capecodhistory.us, and I'll check the original.**

    There is a published  Index to History of Barnstable County, compiled by Charles A. Holbrook, Jr.  Yarmouth, Mass. : [s.n.], 1984. 174 pages. The American Antiquarian Society in Worcester has a copy.

    Another Deyo book is  The Illustrated History of Kennebec County, Maine, Kingsbury, Henry D. and Deyo, Simeon L. New York: H. W. Blake and Company, 1892.



HISTORY

———-OF———-

Deyo title page

Edited by SIMEON L. DE'YO.

Special Contributors:

Hon. Charles F. Swift,
   Capt. Thomas Prince Howes,
      Rev. N. H. Chamberlain,
         E. S. Whittemore, Esq.,
            Josiah Paine,
               Prof. S. A. Holton,
                  Charles Dillingham
Prof. John H. Dillingham,
   James Gifford,
      George N. Munsell, M. D.,
         Judge James H. Hopkins,
            Joshua H. Paine,
               Rev. Thomas Bell,
                  F. A. Rogers, M.D.

——————————
ILLUSTRATED

New York:
H. W. BLAKE CO., 1890.


INTRODUCTION.

    In presenting to the people of Barnstable county this history, it is hoped that it will meet with the favorable reception which the earnest and conscientious labors of its compilers merit. It will be seen by an examination of the work that nine important chapters, besides many other valuable articles in it, were prepared by well-known citizens of the county, and it is believed that their names will be considered a guaranty that every reasonable effort has been made to secure accuracy in the many detaiIs which constitute a history.

    Names of the special contributors appear in the work, but opportunity is taken here to return thanks for the generous response with which requests for information have also been met by the clerks of the different towns, officers of societies, editors, clergymen and others who were in possession of special information that was desired.

    Particular acknowledgement is due for the valuable assistance of George E. Clarke, of Falmouth; Charles Dillingham, of Sandwich ; Calvin Burgess, of Bourne; Ferdinand G. Kelley, of Barnstable ; Joshua C. Howes and Watson F. Baker, of Dennis ; Levi Atwood, of Chatham ; Captain Alfred Kenrick and David L. Young, of Orleans ; Simeon Atwood, of Wellfleet; and to Mr. Clark, of Eastham, who carefully criticised and corrected the respective town manuscripts submitted to them.

    The biographical sketches, for the most part, have been arranged alphabetically at the end of the several chapters. The large number of these sketches has necessitated as brief treatment as the circumstances would warrant. No pains have been spared to make this department accurate, and it is believed that it constitutes an interesting portion of the work, which will increase in value with the lapse of years.

 INTRODUCTION.      iv.

    A new feature and one of interest, is a map showing the location of the various Indian tribes and their villages, which were spread over the Cape prior to its settlement by the whites. Another map, in its proper place, will enable the reader at a glance to learn the dates of settlement and incorporation of the respective towns, and as a ready reference will be of great value. These maps were specially drawn for this work by the editor.

    While some unimportant errors may, perhaps, be found amid the multitude of details entering into the composition of a work of this character, it is believed that this result of the historians' labor will be found as free from mistakes as a work of this kind can well be made, and in behalf of these historians is asked the generous indulgence of those who may be disposed to criticise.

    New York, June, 1890.

CONTENTS.      v.


CHAPTER I.
TOPOGRAPHY AND GEOLOGY.

Location and Boundaries. — Geological Formation. — Contour of the Coast. — Surface and Soil. — The Flora of the Cape. — Effect of the Landscape on the Character of the Cape Men
page



1


CHAPTER II.
INDIAN HISTORY.

Origin.-Manners. — Customs. — Religion. — Cape Indians. — Their Villages. — Their Tribes. — Map. — Kindness. — Subjugation. — Decrease. — Extinction. — Legends.

12


CHAPTER III.
DISCOVERY AND EXPLORATION.

Early Discovery of the Cape. — Explorations by Gosnold and Dermer. — The Pilgrims. — The Mayflower in Cape Cod Harbor. — Explorations by the Pilgrims. — Compact Signed. — Plymouth. — The Lost Boy. — Post at Manomet. — Great Storm. — Declaration of Rights. — First Settlement of the Cape by the Whites. — Sandwich, Barnstable, Yarmouth and Nauset. — Erection of County.

20


CHAPTER IV.
CHARTERS, GRANTS AND INDIAN DEEDS.

Spanish Claims. — Cabot's Discoveries. — Plymouth Company. — Council of Plymouth. — The Pilgrims. — Patent of 1629-30. — Settlement of the Cape Towns and Purchases from the Indians. — Charter of 1691.

32


CHAPTER V.
CIVIL HISTORY AND INSTITUTIONS.

Basis of Civil Government. — Erection of the County. — Political History. — Councillors. — Senators. — Representatives. — Sheriffs. — Registers. — County Institutions. — Federal Institutions. — Custom House . — Lighthouses. — Life Saving Service.

38


CHAPTER VI.
MILITARY HISTORY.

New England Confederation. — First Indian Troubles. — King Philip's War. — French and Indian Wars. — The Revolution. — Shay's Rebellion. — War of 1812.

62

CONTENTS

vi


CHAPTER VII.
MILITARYHISTORY (concluded)

The Civil War. — The Election of Lincoln and the Fall of Sumter. — The first Call for Three-Months' Men. — Response from the Cape Towns. — War Meetings. — Subsequent Calls. — Bounties. — Enlistments. — Return of the Volunteers. — G. A. R. Posts. — Monuments.

83


CHAPTER VIII.
TRAVEL AND TRANSPORTATION.

Packet Lines. — Mail Route and Stage Coaches. — Railroads. — Express Lines. — Telegraph and Cable Lines. — The Telephone Service.

110


CHAPTER IX.
INDUSTRIAL RESOURCES.

The Fisheries. — Coasting. — Shipbuilding. — Manufacturing. — Saltmaking. — Agriculture. — Cranberry Culture — Summer Resorts. — Yachting.

130


CHAPTER X.
THE SOCIETY OF FRIENDS.

General View of the Rise and Course of their Principles in Bamstable County. — The Society in Sandwich. — Newell Hoxie. — The Society in Yarmouth. — David K. Akin. — The Society in Falmouth. — The Dillingham Family.

157


CHAPTER XI.
BENCH AND BAR.

The Judiciary of the County. — First Courts. — Formation of the Province of Massachusetts Bay. — Revision of the Judiciary. — Courts of the Revolutionary Period. — Early Magistrates. — Judges of the Court of Common Pleas. — Court of County Commissioners. — Probate Courts. — Trial Justices. — The Bar of Barnstable County. — Lawyers, Past and Present. — Law Library Association. — District Courts.

198


CHAPTER XII.
MEDICAL PROFESSION.

Introduction. — Barnstable District Medical Society. — Sketches of Physicians, Past and Present. — Medical Examiners.

221


CHAPTER XIII.
LITERATURE AND LITERARY PEOPLE.

Early Writers. — Freeman's History of Cape Cod. — Other Local Works. — Poetry. — Fiction. — Occasional Writers. — The Newspapers of Barnstable County.

249


CHAPTER XIV.
SANDWICH.

Location and Description. — Settlement and Early Growth. — List of Inhabitants in 1730. — Continued Advancement. — Firing the Woods. — The Town's Poor. — The Revolutionary Period. — The Present Century. — Villages. — Civil History. — Sketches.........264

264

CONTENTS.
vii

CHAPTER XV.
BOURNE.

Trading Post on Monument River. — Indian Hamlets. — Natural Features. — Land Purchases. — Settlement and Early Events. — Formation of the Second Precinct. — Salt Works. — Shipbuilding. — Early Mills. — Ship Canal. — Erection of the Town of Bourne. — Town Affairs. — Churches. — Schools — The Villages and their Institutions. — Biographical Sketches.

323


CHAPTER XVI.
BARNSTABLE.

Natural Features. — Early Industries. — Settlement. — Indian Lands and Names. — Names of Settlers. — Incorporation. — Purchase from Indians. — County Road. — Early Mills. — Common Lands. — The Revolution. — War of 1812. — Population. — Schools. — Civil History. — Churches. — Cemeteries and Villages. — Societies. — Biographical Sketches.

366


CHAPTER XVII.
YARMOUTH.

Location and Characteristics. — Settlement. — The Grantees and Early Settlers — Early Events and Customs. — The Revolutionary Period. — Division of the Town. — War of 1812. — Subsequent Events. — Taverns and Hotels. — Churches. — Schools. — Civil Lists. — The Villages, their Industries and Institutions. — Biographical Sketches.

453


CHAPTER XVIII.
DENNIS.

Natural Features. — First Settlers of Nobscusset. — Incorporation. — Development. — Industries. — Churches. — Cemeteries. — Schools. — Civil History. — The Villages, their Industries and Institutions. — Biographical Sketches.

507


CHAPTER XIX.
CHATHAM.

Natural Features. — Settlement. — Incorporation. — Early Town Action. — Town Poor. — Town House. — Industries. — Ordinaries. — Lighthouses and Life Saving Stations. — Mail and Express Business. — Burying Grounds. — Present Condition. — Churches. — Schools. — Civil History. — The Villages and their Institutions. — Biographical Sketches.

578


CHAPTER XX.
FALMOUTH.

Description. — Indians. — Settlement. — Incorporation. — Growth and Progress. — The Revolution. — Early Industries. — War of 1812. — Civil War. — Subsequent Events and Present Condition. — Civil Lists. — Churches. — Schools. — Cemeteries. — Villages. — Biographical Sketches.

632


CHAPTER XXI.
MASHPEE.

Location and Description. — Natural Features. — Early Events. — Incorporation as a District. — Civil History. — Town of Mashpee. — Church and Parish — Schools. — Mashpee Manufacturing Company. — Military Service. — Some Prominent Representatives. — Industries. — Biographical Sketches

707

CONTENTS.
viii

CHAPTER XXII.
EASTHAM.

Territory of the Nausets. — Purchase of the Lands. — Settlement and Incorporation of Nauset. — The Present Town of Eastham. — Natural Features. — Early Settlers. — Growth and Progress. — Industries. — Civil History. — Churches. — Burying Places. — Schools. — Villages. — Biographical Sketches.

720


CHAPTER XXIII.
ORLEANS.

Orleans before its Division from Eastham. — Incorporation. — Natural Features. — Wreck of the Sparrowhawk. — Roads. — Early Settlers. — Various Events. — Industries. — Churches. — Cemeteries. — Schools. — Civil History. — Villages. — Biographical Sketches.

747


CHAPTER XXIV.
WELLFLEET.

Formation and Description. — Pioneers. — Early Town Action. — The Revolution. — War of 1812. — The Fisheries. — Population. — King's Highway. — The Eastham Line. — Town House. — Shipbuilding. — Town Records.vLife Saving Station and Lighthouse. — Early Business Interests. — Wind Mills. — Civil History. — Schools.v Churches. — Cemeteries. — Wellfleet Village. — South Wellfleet. — Biographical Sketches.

787


CHAPTER XXV.
HARWICH.

Incorporation. — Description. — Natural Features. — Division of the Land. — The Settlers. — The Fisheries. — The Salt Industry. — Cranberry Culture. — Religious Societies. — Official History. — Schools. — The Villages and their Various Institutions. — Biographical Sketches.

825


CHAPTER XXVI.
BREWSTER.

Incorporation. — Natural Features. — Purchase and Division of the Land. — The First Settlers and their Families. — Industries. — Population. — The Militia. — Religious Societies. — Villages. — Civil Lists. — Meteorological Condition. — Biographical Sketches.

891


CHAPTER XXVII.

TRURO.

Exploration by the Pilgrims. — Proprietors of the Pamet Lands. — Incorporation of Truro. — Boundaries. — Natural Features. — King's Highway. — Pounds. — Industries. — The Wreck of the Somerset. — The Revolution. — Gale of 1841. — Various Town Affairs. — Civil History. — Churches. — Burying Grounds. — Schools. — Villages. — Biographical Sketches.

922


CHAPTER XXVIII.
PROVINCETOWN.

Early Explorations. — The Pilgrims. — Location and Characteristics. — First Settle-merit. — Incorporation. — Civil History. — Resources of the Town. — Banks. — Insurance Companies. — Public Library. — Societies. — Churches. — Schools. — Biographical Sketches.

951-1010


CONTENTS.      ix

ILLUSTRATIONS.
town or chapter

[original location]     PAGE
Akin, David K. Quakers
Portrait of, facing   183
Akin, David K. Quakers Late residence of, facing   181
Ames, Simeon L. Barnstable Portrait of, facing   419
Ancient Grave Stones Barnstable Barnstable Cemetery   393
Attaquin, Solomon Mashpee
Portrait of, facing   715
Atwood, Levi Chatham
"          "          607
Atwood, Nathaniel E Provincetown
"          "          995
Atwood, Simeon
Wellfleet
"          "         813
Baker, Ezra H. Dennis
"          "         538
Baker, Howes Dennis
"          "         536
Baker, Joseph K. Dennis
"          "         540
Baker, Nehemiah P. Falmouth
"          "         678
Bass River Lower Bridge Dennis
Precedes   558
Baxter, Edwin Dennis
Portrait of, facing   542
Bearse, Charles C. Barnstable "          "        421
Bourne, Benjamin F. Bourne "          "        345
Boyden, William E. Sandwich
"          "        303
Brooks, Obed Harwich
"          "        863
Burgess, Nathaniel Barnstable "          "        348
Burgess, Seth S. Bourne Portrait of, follows   350
Burgess, Seth S. Bourne Residence of, precedes   351
Bursley, Daniel P. Barnstable Portrait of, follows   422
Bursley, Daniel P. Barnstable Residence of, precedes   423
Cahoon, Barzillai C. Barnstable Residence of, facing   381
Cahoon, Cyrus Harwich
Portrait of, facing   866
Chapman, David S. Dennis
Portrait of, follows   544
Chapman, Mrs. Sallie E. Dennis
Residence of, precedes   646
Chase, Albert Barnstable Portrait of, facing   424
Chase, Job Harwich
"          "          863
Court House Barnstable
400
Crosby, Albert Brewster
Residence of, facing   915
Crosby, Isaac Brewster Portrait of, facing   916
Crosby, Nathan Brewster "          "          914
Crowell, Edward E. Harwich "          "          546
Crowell, Eleazer K. Harwich "          "           548
Crowell, Joshua Harwich "          "          549
Crowell, Luther Harwich "          "          551
Crowell, Peter H. Harwich Portrait of, follows   552
Crowell, Peter H. Harwich Residence of, precedes   553
Crowell, Prince S. Harwich Portrait of, facing   554
Crowell, Seth Harwich Portrait of       550
Crowell, Rev. Simeon Yarmouth
Portrait of, facing   492
Crowell, William Harwich "          "          556

 CONTENTS.      x

ILLUSTRATIONS. town or chapter

[original location]     PAGE
Dexter House Falmouth
Woods Holl, facing   671
Dillingham, John H. Quakers 195
Doane, Abiathar Harwich
"     "         874
Doane, George W., M.D. doctors
"     "         225
Doane, John lawyers
"       "         210
Doane, Nathaniel Harwich "     "         870
Doane, Oliver Orleans Portrait of, follows   770
Doane, Valentine, jr. Harwich Residence of, facing   873
Doane Homestead Orleans precedes   771
Drew, George P. Sandwich
Residence of, facing   277
Edson, Nathan Barnstable
Portrait of, follows   428
Edson, Nathan Barnstable
Residence of, precedes   429
Eldridge, Levi Chatham
Portrait of, facing   613
Freeman, Richard R. Wellfleet
"     "         817
Friends Meeting House Quakers 175
Friends Meeting House West Falmouth 191
Friends Meeting House Yarmouth 181
Fish, Joseph C. Falmouth
Portrait of, facing   687
Fisk, David
"    "                  45
Fisk, Uriah B Dennis
Residence of, facing   558
Ginn, David R., M.D. Harwich "     "         858
Ginn's Bazaar Dennis Port facing   858
Goss, Franklin B. Barnstable
Portrait of, facing   431
Gould, Samuel H., M.D. doctors
"     "        230
Hamblin, Caleb O. Falmouth
Portrait of, follows   690
Hamblin, Caleb O. Falmouth Residence of, precedes   691
Hamblin, John C. Falmouth Portrait of, facing   692
Harding, Hiram Chatham
"     "         618
Harding, Joseph C. Chatham "     "         617
Harriman, Judge Hiram P. lawyers
"     "         212
Headstones, Ancient Barnstable    393
Holway, David N. Bourne
Portrait of, facing   311
Howard, Ezra C. Bourne
"     "          356
Howes, Jerusha S. Dennis
Residence of, precedes   563
Howes, Joshua C. Dennis Portrait of, facing   561
Howes, Levi Dennis "       "         566
Howes, Moses Dennis Portrait of, follows   562
Howes, Thomas Prince writers
Portrait of, facing   255
Howes, William F. Dennis "     "         564
Hoxie, Joseph Sandwich
"     "         315
Hoxie, Newell Quakers
"     "         178
Hoxie, Susan F. Quakers Residence of, facing   175
Hulbert, Chauncy M., M.D. doctors
Portrait of, facing   232
Incorporation Map
39
Indian Map
15
Iyanough House Barnstable
411

CONTENTS.        xi

ILLUSTRATIONS.

town or chapter [original location]     PAGE
Jones, Silas Falmouth
Portrait of, facing   695
Keith, Isaac N.
"     "          43
Keith, Isaac N. Bourne
Residence of, facing   341
Kelley, Ferdinand G. Barnstable Portrait of, facing   438
Kelley, Stillman Dennis
"     "        568
Kelley, Watson B. Harwich
"     "        879
Kemp, Samuel W. Wellfleet
"     "        818
Kenrick, Alfred Orleans
"     "        774
Kingman, Seth K. Orleans "      "        777
Leonard, Jonathan, M.D. doctors
"     "        235
Lighthouse, Ruins of Chatham 594
Lombard, David Truro
Portrait of, facing   948
Loring, Hiram Dennis
"     "        570
Lothrop, Freeman H. lawyers
"     "        215
Lovell, Cyrenus A. Barnstable Residence of, facing   440
Lovell, George Barnstable Portrait of, facing   441
Lower Bass River Bridge Dennis
Precedes   553
Makepeace, Abel D. Barnstable
Portrait of, facing   442
Marston, Russell Barnstable
"     "        444
Matthews, David Barnstable
"     "        496
Mingo, Walter R. Mashpee
Residence of, facing   719
Munsell, George N., M.D. doctors
Portrait of, facing   236
Nickerson, Frederick Brewster
"     "        919
Nickerson, Samuel M. Chatham
"     "        625
Nobscussett House Dennis facing   155
Nye, David D. Bourne
Portrait of, facing   358
Nye, William A. Bourne
Residence of, facing   339
Packard, William E. Bourne
Portrait of, facing   360
Penniman, Edward Eastham
"     "        742
Phinney, Abishia Falmouth
"     "        700
Rogers, F. A., M.D. doctors
"     "        242
Salt Works, Ruins of South Yarmouth 143
"Sandy Side" Yarmouth Port facing   479
Scudder, Judge Henry A. lawyers
Portrait of, facing   217
Sears, Barnabas (deceased) Yarmouth "     "        499
Sears, Barnabas Yarmouth Residence of, facing   484
Sears, John K. Yarmouth
Portrait of, facing   500
Sears, Joshua Dennis
Portrait of, follows   572
Sears, Mrs. Minerra Dennis Residence of, precedes   573
Sears, Nathan Dennis Portrait of, facing   574
Sears, Stephen Yarmouth
"     "        502
Sears Homestead South Yarmouth facing   484
Settlement Map of Barnstable County 39
Shiverick, Asa Falmouth
Portrait of, facing   702
Simpkins, Nathaniel Stone Yarmouth
"     "        504
Simpkins Homestead Yarmouth Port facing   480


 CONTENTS.      xii

ILLUSTRATIONS.

town or chapter [original location]     PAGE
Small, Zebina H. Brewster
Portrait of, facing   886
Smith, Rufus Falmouth
  "    "      627
Snow, Calvin Orleans
"     "         782
Soule, Thomas H., jr. Barnstable
Hotel Hyannis, 411
Sparrow, Benjamin C, Supt. Life Saving Service
Portrait of, facing     59
Swett, James Wellfleet
Portrait of, facing   823
"Tawasentha" Brewster facing   915
Taylor, Elisha Yarmouth
Portrait of, facing   506
Taylor, Joseph Orleans
"     "    785
Tobey, F. B. Dennis
Nobscusset Hotel, facing   155
Tobey Homestead Dennis facing   511
Young, Jonathan Orleans
Portrait of, facing   786