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The town chapters are organized with history, industry, schools, churches and villages first, followed by a biographical sketch section. I have split the biographical sketch section from the rest for several towns. The complete Sandwich chapter, No. XIV, is pages 264-322.

Sandwich history and situation

History of Barnstable County, Massachusetts

edited by Simeon L. Deyo.

1890. New York: H. W. Blake & Co

pages 302-322 of CHAPTER XIV.

biographical sketches, Sandwich.


David Armstrong was born in 1827, in Ireland, of Scotch parentage. He came to the United States in 1849, and four years later to Sandwich, where he has been a farmer since that time. In 1870 he was married to Mrs. Maria Stiff, daughter of George and Lucy (Smallwood) Parker, and grand-daughter of David Parker, Mr. Armstrong is a member of the West Barnstable Congregational church and a member of East Sandwich Grange, P. of H.

Robert Armstrong was born in 1830, in Ireland, and is a brother of David Armstrong mentioned above. He came to America in 1851, and two years later to Sandwich, where he has since been a farmer, with the exception of six years spent in the West. In 1861 he was married to Dorcas W., daughter of Solomon and Charity (Allen) Hoxie. They have four children: John A., Robert F., George A. and David L. Mr. Armstrong is a member of the East Sandwich Grange, P. of H., and a member of the Episcopal church.

Thomas F. Atkins, born in 1832, is a son of George5, William4, James3, John2, James Atkins1. His mother was Paulina, daughter of Thomas Freeman. Mr. Atkins has been employed by the Cape Cod and Old Colony Railroad Company since 1850, and since 1871 has been


a conductor. He was married to Almeda A. La Baron. They have had four children, two of whom are living—George and William.

Benjamin G. Bartley. youngest son of Robert and Nancy F. Bartley, was born in 1857 and was educated in the public schools of Sandwich. He taught school four years, and since 1880 has been a dry goods merchant in Sandwich. He was married October 3, 1888, to Miss C. T. Newcomb. He is a member of the Unitarian church of Sandwich.

Joseph S. Bassett, born in 1822 in Cayuga county, New York, is the youngest son of Thomas, and grandson of William Bassett. His mother was Abbie, daughter of Joseph and Annie (Freeman) Swift. When a lad he came from New York to Sandwich, where he has been engaged as glass cutter for many years. He was married in 1848, to Abbie V., daughter of Walter W. and Zebiah G. (Bird) Richards. They have had two daughters—Carrie M. and Josephine Z., of whom the latter died September 25, 1875.

Davis A. Blake, son of Sabin Blake, was born in 1815 in Walpole, Mass. He was engaged in whale fishing about twenty-eight years prior to 1865, residing in Fall River and sailing latterly from New Bedford. He removed to Sandwich in 1875, where he has since lived. He was married in 1867, to Leslie P. Horton, and has one son, Robert D. Blake.

William E. Boyden.—Mr. Boyden will be well remembered in the affairs of the county, and as one of the present century who greatly assisted in the development of various institutions that have proven benefits to his fellow-beings. He was the son of Spencer Boyden of Walpole, Mass., where he was born April 29, 1807. He was one of four children, and passed his boyhood in the usual routine, on his father's farm, with an occasional respite in burning a pit of charcoal for the Boston market. His ambitious nature sent him out from the home of his childhood, and when he was a mere boy he was a trusted employee in Mr. Drew's line of stages and express, then running between Boston and Providence. In 1822, when a line of stages between Plymouth and Sandwich was established, Mr. Boyden moved to Sandwich. He was an active, persevering young man, making daily trips from Sandwich to Plymouth and return. This he did as proprietor, for a period of twenty-six consecutive years without a week day that he was not engaged on the route. The present Central Hotel, of Sandwich, was the Cape terminus of the line, and from there started the Falmouth, Yarmouth and south-side stages, in which Mr. Boyden was more or less interested. He drove four horses, to one of those old-fashioned coaches, and it was a characteristic of his to be on his schedule time if human device or energy could prevail. Once on his way to Plymouth he was snow-bound at Cook's hill and could proceed no


further with his coach, but with his usual zeal he provided for his passengers, tied the mails to his horses' backs, placed the four horses in a single line and forced his way. This particular coach remained under the snow ten days. Mr. Boyden was necessary to the success of this line, and for the period ending with the advent of the railroad was a strong factor in the welfare and development of the Cape. It is said that on the day preceding a Thanksgiving, he brought in thirteen coaches filled with passengers.

In the height of his prosperity he married Hannah R. Hatch of Falmouth, December 9. 1832. Their children were: Willard E., the successor of his father's express business; Robert R., deceased: and Rebecca M., now residing with Willard E.

The Plymouth line was discontinued when the railroad was opened to Wareham, and an express line was formed to Wareham by Mr. Boyden and Mr. Witherell, called the "Witherell & Co. Express." After the death of Mr. Witherell, Mr. N. B. Burt was taken as partner, and this line was called the Cape Cod Express Company, doing a successful and increasing business by stage until the completion of the railroad to Yarmouth. Soon the business was transferred to the railroad, and Rufus Smith becoming a partner, the express business was continued along the Cape. In 1879, after the death of William E. Boyden, this company was consolidated with the New York & Boston Dispatch Express Company, of which Willard E. Boyden has since been the agent at Sandwich.

William E. Boyden was very liberal in his religious views, and was the treasurer of the Universalist church of Sandwich, during its existence. In all charitable enterprises he was among the first. As revealing his sympathetic nature, an incident related by the venerable Paul Wing will be remembered. Mr. Boyden, among others, was called upon to aid a needy woman, to which call he at once responded, but wishing to hear the details, her story was told while he listened with tears running down his cheeks. He was identified with every improvement of his town, and was actively engaged in public affairs. His political views, always democratic, were marked by a firmness which was known and respected. In 1836 the result of the presidential election between whig and democrat was yet undecided, when a crowd of both parties assembled at the tavern to await the news by Mr. Boyden's stage. He soon came swinging around the bend by the Unitarian church, but the peculiar ring of his whip as he menaced his four grays, caused the whigs to turn and say, "No good news for us." A few years prior to his death a colored man approached him for aid, and he told him to go to his republican friends, get all he could, return, and he would give as much as all of them—and he did.

He was the treasurer of DeWitt Clinton Lodge from its organiza-


tion to his death, and Willard E. has been his only successor. Mr. Boyden was ever upright, and greatly respected for his outspoken manliness. He died May 1, 1879, greatly missed. After his death memoranda were found, showing of many thousand of dollars given and loaned to needy friends. He was just and generous, and has left his goodness engraven on the memories of his fellow-men, where it will be more lasting than on stone.

Peleg T. Brown, born September 24. 1836, in Scituate, Mass., is a son of John and Clarrisa Brown. He is a tack maker by trade. He came to Sandwich in 1869. He has been tax collector for the town four years. He was in the war of the rebellion, serving in Company B, Twentieth Connecticut Volunteers, from 1862 to I860. In 1858 he was married to Jane H. Sherman, who died in 1878, leaving one daughter, Mary L. In 1880 he was married to Vesta M.. daughter of Ansel Tobey. Mr. Brown is a member of the Masonic order and a member of the Sandwich Methodist Episcopal church.

William H. F. Burbank was born in 1827, and died at Sandwich, September 18, 1876. He was a son of Samuel Burbank, and his wife Louisa C, daughter of Deacon Ebenezer Crocker. Mr. Burbank was a hardware merchant at Sandwich for many years previous to his death. He was a member of De Witt Clinton Lodge. A. F. & A. M. In 1848 he was married to Helen M. Winsor, who died in 1868. They had eight children, four of whom are living: Helen M., William H., George E. and Frank C. Mr. Burbank was married in 1869 to Fanny L., daughter of Freeman and Temperance (Hatch) Robinson.

Frank H. Burgess, born in 1843, is the oldest son of Charles H. and grandson of Perez Burgess. His mother was Ann S. Nye. He has been in mercantile business at Sandwich since 1861, has been town clerk and treasurer since March, 1887, and was elected selectman in 1889. He was married in 1866 to Arabella Eldred, and they have two adopted daughters—Ambrosetta B. and May G. Mr. Burgess is a republican.

Rev. Hiram Carleton, D.D., was born in 1811 in Barre, Vermont. His father, grandfather and great-grandfather were all named Jeremiah. The latter was a son of Joseph, whose father Lieutenant John, was a son of Edward Carleton, Esq. His early education was received in his native town: he was graduated from Middlebury College (Vermont) in 1833, and from Andover Theological Seminary in 1837, since which time he has preached almost continuously. In 1881 he retired to East Sandwich, where he has held religious services in his residence since that time. He was married in 1838 to Mary J. Fisher. Their only son, John F., was born in 1857, was educated in Noble's private school of Boston, and at Harvard College, graduating in 1881, since which time he has been a farmer at East Sandwich. He was


married in 1885, to Isabel A. Foxcroft, and has two daughters—Catherine Foxcroft and Mary. Mr. Carleton is a member of East Sandwich Grange, P. of H.

Benjamin F. Chamberlain, son of Colonel Ebenezer and Hannah (Foster) Chamberlain, was born in 1838. He was in the war of the rebellion from August, 1862, to July, I860, serving in Company I, Fortieth Massachusetts Volunteers. He has been engaged in the grocery business at Sandwich since 1866. He was elected selectman in 1889. In 1869 he was married to Laurany H., daughter of Joseph Perry. They have two sons—Charles F. and Walter C. Mr. Chamberlain is a republican, and a member of Charles Chipman Post, No. 132, G. A. R.

Charles Chipman was born in 1829, and was killed August 8, 1864, in front of Petersburg. He served in the regular army as sergeant, and in April, 1861, enlisted in the war of the rebellion. May 6th of that year he was chosen captain of Company D, Twenty-ninth Massachusetts Volunteers, and on the 18th of May started with the first volunteers from Cape Cod, for the seat of war. After seven months' service he was made major of the Twenty-ninth, and at the time of his death was in command of the Fourteenth New York Heavy Artillery. The Grand Army Post of Sandwich very appropriately bears the name of one of Sandwich's bravest heroes. Mr. Chipman was married October 15, 1854, to Elizabeth F., daughter of Captain Isaac and Elizabeth (Freeman) Gibbs. They had two children—Edward, who died, and Sarah.

Stephen S. Chipman, born in 1834, is a son of Stephen S. and a grandson of Stephen Chipman. His mother was Temperance N., daughter of Jonathan Fish. Mr. Chipman is a farmer, and has been superintendent of highways eleven years in Sandwich. He was married in 1859 to Emily L. Allen, and has two daughters—Charlotte M. and Estelle D. He is a member of the Unitarian church of Sandwich.

William C. Chipman7 was born in 1822. His father was Samuel6 (John5, Timothy4, Samuel3, Samuel2, John1), and his mother was Nancy Churchill. His ancestor John Chipman1, came from England in 1630 and married Hope, daughter of John Howl and, one of the Pilgrims. Mr. Chipman is a carpenter by trade. He was married in 1849 to Love E. Nye, who died in 1852, leaving one son—James. In 1864 Mr. Chipman was married to Elizabeth S. Underwood, by whom he has four children: Grace E., Herbert L., Emily F. and William C, jr. Mr. Chipman is a prohibitionist, and a member of the Sandwich Methodist Episcopal church.

Fletcher Clark, born in 1853 in Middleboro, Mass., is a son of Robert C, whose father John was a son of Nathaniel Clark. His mother is Hannah Hooper. Mr. Clark has been engaged in the grocery business


at Sandwich since 1875. He was married in 1881 to Emma W. Gregory, who died in 1885, leaving one daughter, Eva H. He was married in 1887 to Elizabeth Emerson.

James W. Crocker, born in 1827 in West Barnstable, is a son of William and Sarah (Howland) Crocker, and grandson of Ephraim Crocker. He is a carpenter by trade, but for the past thirty-five years has kept a fruit, confectionery and oyster store at Sandwich. He was married in 1856 to Elizabeth, daughter of Timothy Swinerton. They have two daughters—Carrie and Sarah.

Rev. Loranus Crowell, D.D., for many years an esteemed elder of the Methodist Episcopal church, was appointed in 1840 principal of the Spring Hill Seminary, Sandwich, and held that position for four years. Doctor Crowell married, in 1843, Elizabeth Ann Fuller, of Sandwich.

Charles Dillingham8, born in 1821, is descended from Simeon7, Branch6, John5, Simeon4, Edward3, Henry2, Edward Dillingham1, who came from Leicestershire, England, to Lynn, Mass., and from there in 1637 to Sandwich, being one of the original proprietors. The mother of Mr. Dillingham was Lucy Tobey. The subject of this sketch was senator from this district two terms in 1861 and 1862; member of the house two terms, 1886 and 1887; has been on the school committee twenty-seven years, and sixteen years school superintendent; in March, 1890, was elected selectman for the fifteenth year. He was married in 1845 to Isabella Gibbs who died in 1881, leaving three children: Nannie G., now deceased, Lucy T. and Alfred E., who was married in January, 1890, to Isabella Anne, daughter of the late Rev. Frederick Freeman of Sandwich. Mr. Dillingham is a republican and a member of the First (Unitarian) church of Sandwich.

Seth O. Ellis, born in 1822, is a son of Stephen, whose father, Frank, was a son of Frank Ellis. His mother was Hannah Raymond. He was a carpenter and builder until 1856, and since that time has been a machinist and plumber. In 1845 he was married to Elizabeth Bennet. They have five children: Rose, Lizzie M., Stephen, Calvin and Charles H. B. They lost three children.

John C. C. Ellis, born in 1835, is a brother of Seth O. Ellis mentioned above. He has been a blacksmith at Sandwich since 1853. He was married in 1857 to Eudora L. Godfrey, who died in 1877. Their children were: Carrie E. (born September 18,1859, died June 7, 1864), William H. C, John F. and Mary E. He was married in June, 1879, to his present wife, Melissa M. Thurston, by whom he has one son, Forest T. Mr. Ellis is a member of DeWitt Clinton Lodge.

Russell Fish, born in 1818, is a son of Silas, and grandson of Silas Fish. His mother was Keziah, daughter of Ebenezer Nye. Mr. Fish was a teacher until thirty years of age, and since that time has been


a farmer, He was married in 1848 to Caroline C. daughter of Samuel Hunt, and has two children— George R. and Arvilla M. Mr. Fish is a member of the Sandwich Methodist Episcopal church.

Henry W. Goodspeed, born in South Sandwich, is a son of Thomas, grandson of Walley. and great-grandson of Joseph Goodspeed. His mother was Lucy, daughter of John Howland. Mr. Goodspeed is a farmer. He has two sisters living—Sylvia and Lucy—and a brother and sister deceased—Walley and Celia. He was married in 1874 to Mercy C. Chadwick, and has two daughters—Celia W. and Ida F.

Charles Bascom Hall (by Rev. N. H. Chamberlain) was born in Sandwich, September 3, 1830, and died in the same town in the house where he was born, January 27, 1881, in the fifty-first year of his age. He was the only child of Jonathan Bascom Hall and Clarissa Sears, both of the lower Cape, who came early in their married life to Sandwich and were always counted among the most thrifty and respectable of the townsfolk. The Halls have been always men of business thrift and integrity, and come of good Pilgrim stock. Jonathan B. was a son of Jonathan Hall and Abigal Bascom. Abigal Bascom was sister of Rev. Jonathan Bascom, born m 1740 at Lebanon, Conn., graduated at Yale College, 1764, and settled at Orleans, 1772: where after a pastorate of thirty-five years, "an able minister, devoted to his work with pious heart, of a happy disposition, somewhat facetious, always kind," he died 1807. There has never been better blood on the Cape than the Sears', as the success of the family in literature and business in the country at large proves.

These facts of ancestry undoubtedly furnish the key to the unique and pronounced, and to say truth, the unusual character of their descendant, Charles Bascom Hall. The strain of his ancestry was strong upon him all his life. The writer of this memoir remembers him at seven years of age, as a red-cheeked, cheery boy, with large, brown eyes; lively, happy, always with some humorous joke behind his smile, and with a native good humor which kept peace with all his schoolmates, unless under some sharp wrong which he was never backward in resenting in the fashion of sturdy and self-respecting boyhood. In his case, as his life showed, "the boy was father to the man." The events of a life, so gentle, and withal so useful as Mr. Hall's, are easily recorded, and in this case they all agree in revealing the nature of the man behind them. Educated both in the public schools of Sandwich and in the private seminary of Rev. Frederick Freeman, he entered at sixteen, as a clerk, the store of which he was soon afterwards owner, as he remained until his death. It was outwardly a drug store. It became, more and more, an office where he transacted a large and varied business. For twelve years he was postmaster, under both the


Pierce and Buchanan administrations; for many years justice of the peace, notary public, pension agent, the first treasurer of the Sandwich Savings Bank, a director in the Barnstable County Fire Insurance Company. These public trusts unmistakably show in their number the strength of the public confidence in his business integrity and ability. Another proof of the deep-rooted and abiding confidence of his fellow citizens in his public usefulness and integrity is found in the fact that though differing from the majority cf them in his politics, they elected him moderator of their March town meeting for nearly twenty years, an office which he filled with much dignity and success in the dispatch of town business. Two other facts in his citizenship complete his official record. He was a charter member of DeWitt Clinton Lodge, A. F. & A. M. He was for his lifetime an interested and active member of the First (Unitarian) parish in Sandwich, and gave both time and money freely for its support. In that ancient, mystical order of free masons, with its teachings of the brotherhood of man, and the equality of the good in the presence of the Great Architect of the universe, his friendly nature found a congenial home, where he could serve others according to the ethical laws of the order. As a member of the Sandwich parish, he merely carried out the law of his own Pilgrim ancestry as stated by Rev. John Robinson in his pathetic letter to his Plymouth brethren: "Accept and follow the truth wherever it may be found," and was a Unitarian both from tradition and conviction.

It is a truism hardly worth repeating, that every man is individual, with his own mental, emotional, and physical make-up in which he differs somewhat from every other man. It was exactly in this makeup that Mr. Hall was unique and individual, though he still belonged to a class, though rather a small one, as we rate and estimate men. Mr. Hall was a well rounded man with virtue all round his character— what we usually call a well-balanced man.

Many men may have either as much intellect, or as much heart, or as much conscience as he, but it rarely happens that a man has so happy an adjustment and balance of these three gifts. For instance, some men are amiable and quiet in outward behavior because they have not intellectual strength enough to be greatly provoked at anything, or heart enough to be greatly moved by distress, or conscience enough to stand bolt upright against a wrong;—mere negative men, whose mental impotency passes for the virtue of a peaceable character. It was the nice adjustment in Mr. Hall between head, heart, and conscience which became to those who knew him such a comfort and satisfaction. His ability in business was saturated by his kindness of heart. To help a poor Irish woman to get news of her absent son, to help a son to send a draft across seas to his mother, or a soldier to get


back pay from the government, these and a thousand other unpaid and generally unknown services pleased his friendly nature, and his life was full of them. But on the other hand he stood firm by his principles in church and state, and the amiability of his nature had always for comrade a clear, strong brain. He had more in him to control than many, and he controlled and portioned out his nature better than some of us. His life therefore was, as the phrase runs, in good form.

Two points more, visible in a life like his, deserve mention. Such lives are the substances out of which human civilization is always recreating itself in a constant and peaceable development of human interests and affairs. Such men are the administrators, so to speak, of society. Other men may go down to the sea in ships, or out to battle fields: may travel in foreign parts: ma)- emigrate; may amuse themselves in the ten thousand nothings of an idle life;—fed to satiety on luxuries of the cost of which they never earned a dollar —consume the world's wealth to which they never contributed anything,—and die, leaving nothing but a sad memory and a handful of dust and ashes.

Men of affairs like Mr. Hall, with patient industry, toil in their stated place; advise, provide, make investments, watch over funds in trust; save property in its ten thousand forms from loss or robbery —the driving wheels of the "world's economy, and rest well in honor after their toil and vigil. Such lives remind one of that famous award of King David to his followers at the brook Besor: "But as his part is that goeth down unto the battle, so shall his part be that tarrieth by the stuff. They shall part alike."

It was in social life, however, that Mr. Hall's kind nature best revealed itself; for though naturally modest and retiring, he was fond of his old friends and their society. In his own American home, in that nursery of the best of our people, that powerful offset against public wrangle and corruption in high places, he was all that a good man should be, with less of human infirmity than most men show—a good husband and father, as in public life he was a good and useful citizen. He married, in 1855, Charlotte E. Lapham of Sandwich, and left one daughter. This memoir, while mentioning the public loss and public sorrow, veils with silence the sacred memories of private sorrows greater than those which the world ever knows. Perhaps the words of the poet might justly be applied to the harmony and quality of Mr. Hall's life.

With his fine sense of right
And truth's directness, meeting each occasion
Straight as a line of light.
Among the gentlest of all human natures


He joined to courage strong
And love outreaching to our dear Lord's creatures
With sturdy hate of wrong.
Tender as woman; manliness and sweetness
In him were so allied
That they who judged him by his strength or kindness
Saw but a single side.

William Hamblin8 was born in 1818 and died in 1874. He was descended from Thomas7, Thomas6, Reuben5, Elkanah4, James3, James2, James Hamblin1, who came from England, and settled in Barnstable prior to 1640. Mr. Hamblin was a farmer, and resided near Spring Hill. He was married in 1844 to Rebecca K., daughter of William Atkins. They had three children—two sons, who died, and a daughter, Ida F., who now occupies the homestead with her mother.

Elijah Hancock was born in 1820 in Boston, and resided for forty years in West Bridgewater. In September, 1876, he came to Sandwich, and has since had charge of the town farm. He served in the war of the rebellion, in Company K, Third Massachusetts Volunteers. He was married in 1841 to Hannah E. Pool, who died in 1859, leaving-three children: Elizabeth M., Ella A. and Adaline S. He was married in June, I860, to Julia H. Briggs, by whom he has one child, Julia A. He is a member of Charles Chipman Post, G. A. R.

George Hartwell, son of Hiram J. Hartwell, and grandson of Stephen Hartwell, was. born in 1836 in Philadelphia, Pa. He has been a book-keeper, with the exception of a few years, when he was a merchant at Sandwich. He came to Sandwich in 1867, where he has since lived. Since February, 1882, he has been book-keeper for I. N. Keith, at Sagamore. He was selectman two years as a democrat. He was married in 1868 to Isabella G., daughter of Charles H. Chapouile, born in Boston in 1848. They have four children: Corinne, George, Hannah and Norman.

David N. Holway.—Among the fifty families, who, after the first ten were the primitive settlers at Sandwich, came Joseph Holway, whose descendants since have, in every generation to the present time, been identified with the best interests of the town. Most of them have resided in the eastern portion of the town, near where, in 1637, their common ancestor secured a home. As a rule they have been tillers of the soil, and have from the first, been earnest adherents of the Society of Friends. The name—sometimes written Holly—is frequently found among the officers of the town, and in the seventh generation from the pioneer we find David N. Holway, born 1839, attaining to a prominence which sheds luster upon this family name, and reflects credit upon the town which has sent out so many successful men. His father was Daniel Holway, who was born September 2, 1800, and died in the May following his fifty-eighth birth-


day. Daniel's wife was Lydia, daughter of Stephen Nichols of Vassalboro, Me. She was a woman of remarkable characteristics physically, mentally and spiritually. Daniel's parents were Stephen and Reliance (Allen) Holway. Stephen was the son of Barnabas and Elizabeth Holway. Barnabas' father, Gideon, was a son of Joseph, and grandson of Joseph, the pioneer.

Such was the ancestry of David N. Holway. who as the oldest son had. added to the advantages of the Sandwich schools, a thorough training in the Friends' school at Providence, R. I. For six years after attaining his majority he labored as a teacher, and in 1866 and 1867 was chairman of the school board of Sandwich. In June, 1866, as special agent of the Provident Life and Trust Company of Philadelphia, he began that remarkable career as a life insurance man, which is to-day the basis of his business prominence. He went to New York, in July, 1868, as the company's general agent, and traveled extensively through that State until 1873. In June of that year he became attached, as special, to the home office in Philadelphia, where he remained until 1878. Up to this time his promotions and success must be attributed to his inherent qualities of head and heart. At this time the company saw the need, in their New England business, of a manager who. himself a Yankee, might the better understand the special requirements of the Boston office. He was offered the position, and with G. C. Hoag. under the firm name of Hoag & Holway. became, in June, 1878. the company's representative in New England. Upon the death of Mr. Hoag, in 1886, Mr. Holway assumed the sole management of the general agency, the business of which has grown to large proportions under his care.

He has long been a thorough student of the principles and practice of life insurance, and his literary attainments have been indicated by several valuable treatises on the subject. One issued in 1885. entitled The World of Life Assurance, and another, entitled The Science of Life Assurance, which was delivered as an address in 1886 before a scientific class in Boston, have reached large editions. Early in 1887 he published, under a copyright, The Progress of Life Insurance in the World—1860-1887; giving two accurate tables of the amount in force, and amount of new business issued each five years throughout the world. He has since supplemented it, and it is now quoted everywhere as authority. In November, 1888, he wrote Endowments—a scholarly exposition of the theory of that class of insurance, of which work forty-three thousand copies have already been issued. His position in the insurance world was fittingly recognized in February, 1890, by his election to the presidency of the Boston Life Lender-writers' Association—the pioneer organization of the United States, now numbering nearly one hundred members.


While pleasantly situated in the business world. Mr. Holway is equally favored in his domestic relations. His wife. Emeline, whom he married in 1860, is a daughter of Captain Joseph Mitchell. Their three children are: Harlan P., E. Florence and John F. Holway. Mr. Holway has been a resident, since 1880. of the Dorchester district of Boston.

Augustus Holway, son of Alva. and grandson of Stephen Holway, was born in 1840. His mother was Lydia Freeman. He is a farmer. He served in the war of the rebellion nine months in Company D, Forty-fifth Massachusetts Volunteers. He was married in 1863 to Helen F. Nye. They have one son. Jerome R.. who was married in 1887 to Ella F. Ellis, and has one son. George A. Mr. Holway is a member of Charles Chipman Post. G. A. R. He is a member of East Sandwich Grange, P. of H., of which his son is also a member.

Barnabas Holway was born in 1819, and is the youngest of five children of Barnabas Holway, and a grandson of Barnabas Holway. His mother was Hannah Gifford. He has been a boat builder and. farmer, and owns and occupies the farm where his father lived. He was married to Mary Ann. daughter of James Dillingham. She died in 1882. Mr. Holway is a member of the Friends' society of Sandwich.

Isaac W. Holway, born in 1856. is the only child of Joseph W6., who was descended from John5, Barnabas4, Gideon3, Joseph2, Joseph Holway1. His mother was Ruth F.. daughter of James Ellison. Mr. Holway is a farmer. He was married in 1881 to Rosie J., daughter of William H. Morton.

Stephen Holway was the eldest son of Stephen Holway, He was married to Abbie W., daughter of Joseph and Deborah (Wing) Hoxie. Mr. and Mrs. Holway are both deceased. They had eight children, six of whom are living: George N., Deborah W., Lucy M., Edward W., Hepzibah W. and Lizzie A. The family are of the Friends' faith.

Thomas E. Holway7, born in 1844, is a son of Russell6, Stephen5, Barnabas4, Gideon3, Joseph2, Joseph Holway1. His mother was Caroline Eldred, who died in 1867, leaving four children: Emily M. (Mrs. Alden C. Taylor, died in 18821, Thomas E., Frank R. and Joshua E. Mr. Holway was in the war of the rebellion in Company D, Forty-fifth Massachusetts Volunteers, from September, 1862. to July, 1863. He was in the shoe business in Lynn from 1863 to 1868, and since that time has been a fruit and vegetable commission merchant in Boston. He was married in 1870 to Octavia S. Dundar, and has one daughter, Alice E. He is a member of Charles Chipman Post. G. A. R.

Edward B. Howland, son of Gustavus Howland, was born March 23, 1852. In 1869 he began to learn the machinist trade at Taunton, Mass., and in 1872 began work with the Taunton Tack Company, where he remained until 1879. In 1880 he started the Bay State tack


works at Sandwich, where he now lives. He is vice-president of the Sandwich Co-operative Bank, also trustee of Bay View Cemetery Association. He was married in 1874 to Ellen F. Fuller, and has two children: George W. and Estella A. Mr. Howland is a member of De Witt Clinton Lodge, A. F. & A. M.

Gustavus Howland4 was born June 20, 1823. He is one of ten children of Ellis Howland3, Lemuel2, Ebenezer Howland1. His mother was Fear Crowell. He has been a contractor and builder for about fifty years. Since 1857 he has kept a lumber yard at Sandwich. In 1848 he was married to Clarissa Hatch, by whom he has had four children: Mary A., Edward B., Oscar and Frank L. Mr. Howland is a member of the Sandwich Congregational church.

Joseph Howland, born in 1819, is a son of James and Martha (Hopkins) Howland, and grandson of David Howland. He is a farmer and owns and occupies his father's homestead. He was married in 1855 to Mrs. Sarah B. Worth, daughter of David and Hannah (Bates) Greene, and granddaughter of Lemuel Greene. Mr. Howland is a member of the Methodist Episcopal church at Marston's Mills, and is a prohibitionist.

Nelson Howland5, born in 1855, is a son of Solomon C.4, Ellis3, Lemuel2, Ebenezer1. His mother was Adelia F. Hatch. Mr. Howland is a machinist by trade. He worked several years in Taunton, and since 1880 has worked in Sandwich, He was married in 1880 to Ada, daughter of Ronald Macdonald. They have one daughter, Mary A.

Orrin H. Howland, born in 1854, is the eldest son of Freeman H., and he a son of James Howland. His mother was Love D. Fish. He has been a hardware merchant at Sandwich since 1876, and had been clerk and tinsmith here five years prior to that. He was married in 1879 to Sara C. Drew.

Joseph Hoxie is the sixth in lineal descent from Lodowick Hoxie, one of the proprietors of Sandwich. Just when Lodowick came to this town is not known; but the records of the town present his name in 1658 as one of the proprietors whose lands were bounded for record in the proper book. In 1661 he is again mentioned as refusing to assist Marshal Barlow, in the shameful arrests of that day, for which he was fined by the court at Plymouth. From such ancestry Joseph Hoxie came, and is a worthy and respected representative.

Lodowick's children were: Solomon, Gideon, Hezekiah, John, Joseph, Bathsheba and Content. Gideon's children were: Joseph, Simeon and Gideon. Of this number Joseph married Mary Clark of Rhode Island. Their children were: Clark, Barnabas, Cornelius and Mary. Barnabas Hoxie married Hannah Gifford of Spring Hill, Mass.. Their children were: Gideon, Lodowick, Kezia, Christopher, Joseph,. Mercy, Chloe and Mary. Of these, Joseph the youngest son, married


Deborah Wing of Sandwich town, and they became the parents of the subject of this sketch. Their children were: Hepsibah, Joseph, Abigail and Newell. Hepsibah married Daniel Swift of Falmouth, and died there in 1858. Abigail married Stephen Holway, jr., of Spring Hill, where she died September 24, 1859. Newell is mentioned more fully in chapter X.

Joseph, the only survivor of this generation was born October 29, 1798, at East Sandwich. He received a limited education from the common schools of the day, and assisted his father on the farm during his boyhood. In 1816 he went to Lynn to learn the details of the shoe trade, and in 1818 opened a shoe manufactory and store at East Sandwich. In 1822 he was in business in Sandwich village a few months. The same year he returned to East Sandwich, purchased the home of the late Joseph Nye and erected a building for a store and manufactory near the pond on the south side of the county road. This building stood opposite the old grist mill or, perhaps more properly, opposite the present Grange Hall, and has been removed to the west of the house, where it still stands. In this primitive building Joseph Hoxie made the first morocco, kid and cloth shoes, in Barnstable county. He took apprentices and his goods were sold throughout the county as well as Martha's Vineyard. The old store still presents the array of shelves, drawers, forms and patterns used by the proprietor nearly seventy years ago, and among other things preserved by the family, is the old sign of 1822, which bears the notice "Joseph Hoxie 3d, Gentlemen & Ladies Morocco & Kid Shoe Manufactory." In 1832-33 or thereabouts, Mr. Hoxie killed a destructive wolf—one of the last on the Cape—which in the three several towns of Sandwich, Falmouth and Barnstable, in the course of three or four years was judged to have destroyed nearly three thousand sheep.

He married, October 8, 1823, Lucy S., daughter of Stephen and Rebecca Holway, of Spring Hill. She died, and October 8, 1838, he married Mary, daughter of Barnabas and Hannah Holway, of the same place. The oldest living representative of these worthy parents is Henry N. Hoxie. one of the head masters of Haverford College Grammar School, near Philadelphia, Penn. In 1868 he married Sarah B. Boswell of Chesterfield, Morgan county, Ohio, who died at Germantown, Philadelphia, Penn., December 31, 1883. The other children are: Eben W., merchant at Worcester, Mass.; Lucy S., at home with her father; Elizabeth W., who married Justin A. Ware of Worcester, the secretary and treasurer of the Crompton Loom Works; Hannah G., wife of Rev. Charles W. Ryder of Providence, R. I.; and Abbie N. H., wife of Benjamin D. Webber of Beverly, Mass., the eastern freight agent of the Canadian Pacific and other railroads.


After Joseph Hoxie's second marriage his tune was almost wholly occupied with his farm and the official settlement of estates, some of which were unusually important. His name is connected with the adjustment of fifty estates in his native town and the vicinity. He never desired office but took an active interest in the bod}- politic, and by the earnest persuasion of his many friends he acceptably filled the office of postmaster fourteen years, and those of assessor, selectman, school committee and overseer of the poor for several years, and during the gubernatorial period of Governor N. P. Banks he served two terms in the state legislature. On the eighth of October, 1888, Joseph and Mary H. Hoxie celebrated their golden wedding, at which nearly one hundred persons were present, and many more sent letters of kind greeting. The presents were numerous and valuable. Within one short month after this, on the sixth of November, the beloved wife and mother departed this life, leaving her aged companion to complete the journey alone. Her death was keenly felt by a large circle of her neighbors and friends. From the Barnstable Patriot of December 7, 1888, one of the various papers in which the event was noticed, we make the following extract in regard to her: "Through fifty years of her wedded life she and her husband have gathered unto themselves and household, friends whose love once there has never failed. With a large family to claim her care and strength, she was never too engrossed with it to fail to respond to any outside call of suffering, and shutting within her own heart her own sorrow, her rejoicing' and her weeping have been with those who did rejoice and with those who wept. She possessed a rare grace and ability to welcome to and entertain her friends at her home, and many a lonely, homesick one has told her of the great strength of heart gained by the kindly greeting which she never failed to give. Her life has.been a benediction to all who knew her intimately or socially, and she has truly been a living gospel. She hath rested from her labors and her works do follow her."

Joseph Hoxie has been a very useful man in his town, a friend to the needy, and one whose counsel has prevailed. He has during life been a consistent member of the religious Society of Friends, and more or less since 1830 has been in the service of the society as a trustee and treasurer. For many years he has served it as overseer and elder, and in no relation of trust has ever been required to give security. At the age of ninety-one, he is now spending the evening of life in the home rendered sacred in memory by the changes which long years have wrought.

David A. Hoxie, born in 1843, is a son of Allen and grandson of Barnabas Hoxie. He was in the war of the rebellion from 1861 to 1865, in Company D, Twenty-ninth Massachusetts Volunteers. Since


1865 he has been a farmer. He was married in 1868 to Laura Small, and has two sons: Everett and Isaac. He is a member of Charles Chipman Post. G. A. R.. and a member of East Sandwich Grange, P. of H.

Edward Hoxie. born in 1826, is a brother of George F. Hoxie, below. He is a carpenter by trade. He worked several years for the Cape Cod railroad in the car shop, and since 1884 he has been a market gardener. He was in the war of the rebellion from July, 1862, to June, 1865, in Company E, Fortieth Massachusetts Volunteers. He was married in 1848 to Mary J. Tarr. They have had five children: Varona H.. Mary F., Edward A., Joseph E., and one deceased. Mr. Hoxie is a member of Charles Chipman Post, G. A. R.

George F. Hoxie, born in 1822, is a son of Peleg and grandson of Hezekiah Hoxie. His mother was Phebe, daughter of Jesse RorieHoxie. Mr. Hoxie is a house carpenter by trade, but for the last thirty years has been a gardener and fisherman. He was married in 1851 to Elizabeth D., daughter of Edmund Smith. They have had twelve children: Elizabeth. Celia. Olive, Carrie, Rosa, Ida, George, Lyman, Henry, Sylvanus, Charles and Walter. They lost one son. Mr. Hoxie is a member of the Sandwich Methodist Episcopal church.

Nathaniel C. Hoxie, born in 1824, is a brother of George F. Hoxie, mentioned in the preceding paragraph. He followed the sea for twenty years, was in the civil war, in Company D, Forty-fifth Massachusetts Volunteers about one year, and since 1863 has been a farmer. He was married in 1852 to Almira H., daughter of David Libby. He is a member of the Sandwich Methodist Episcopal church, and a member of Charles Chipman Post, G. A. R.

Isaiah T. Jones, son of Joshua Jones, was born November 25, 1838, in Falmouth. His mother was Reliance, daughter of Asa and Anna (Bradford) Phinney. He has been engaged at Sandwich as a tack manufacturer since 1861. He was married in 1862 to Hannah C, daughter of Captain William Weeks. Their children are: Addie W., Lombard C, Anna R., Lottie E., Louis B., Isaiah T., jr., Frank L. and Jennie B. Mr. Jones is a democrat, and a member of DeWitt Clinton Lodge. A. F. & A.M.

John Jones was born in 1846 in England. His father was born in Wales and removed to England when a boy. In 1870 Mr. Jones came from England to Sandwich, and was employed as glass cutter by the Boston and Sandwich Glass Company until 1888. He was married in 1868, his wife dying the following year. He is a member of DeWitt Clinton Lodge, A. F. & A. M.

Benjamin Lovell, son of Ezekiel and Martha (Cahoon) Lovell, and grandson of Ezekiel Lovell, was born in 1813. He was a sea-faring man for eighteen years, was six years night watchman at the Sand-


wich railroad station, and since that has been a farmer. He was married in 1837 to Mercy P. Baker, who died in 1882, leaving four children: Eliza A., Benjamin W., Boyden E. and Lote M. He was married again in 1883 to Mrs. Eliza A. Marston.

Charles H. Macy, born in 1844 at Nantucket, is a son of Captain Charles B. and Martha E. (Mitchell) Macy. He is a member of East Sandwich Grange, P. of H. He was married in 1868 to Hattie T.7, daughter of Azariah Wing6, Abram5, Edward4, John Wing3, who was the third generation removed from John Wing, the first settler.

Robert Macy, son of Robert Macy, was born in April, 1828, at Providence, R. I. He was in the whale fishing business from 1839 to 1874, and since that time has been a farmer at East Sandwich. He was married in 1867 to Mrs. Charlotte F. Austin of Marston's Mills, daughter of David Greene.

John Quinnell Miller was born January 7, 1835, and is a son of Isaac and Sophia H. Quinnell. Mr. Miller's mother died soon after his birth, and he was brought up by Joseph Miller, whose name he has always borne, and who died at the residence of his foster-son, June 23, 1889, aged 92 years and 1 month. From 1857 to 1885 Mr. Miller owned and kept a clothing store at Sandwich. Since 1885 he has been in the livery business. He was married in 1857 to Mary J. Giles, and has one son, Joseph H. Mr. Miller is a member of De Witt Clinton Lodge, A. F. & A. M., and a member of the Sandwich Methodist Episcopal church.

Sanford I. Morse, son of Simeon and Nancy Morse, was born July 4, 1854, at Middleboro, Mass., and came to Sandwich in 1880, where he has been a grocery merchant since that time. He has been in the grocery trade since fourteen years of age.

John Murray, 2d, son of John Murray, was born in May, 1820, at Glasgow, Scotland, and died in Sandwich in 1889. He came to this country in 1848. He was a tailor by trade, and in 1868 he came from Rhode Island to Sandwich and opened a tailor store, which he afterward changed into a ready-made clothing and dry goods store. He was married in 1840 to Elizabeth McIntire. She died, and Mr. Murray afterward married her sister Rebecca. They have one daughter, Nettie E., wife of John S. Smith. She has three sons.

Captain Edward Nichols, son of Charles and Sarah (Folger) Nichols, was born in 1813 at Nantucket. He was for thirty-seven years engaged in the whale fishing, and master of a vessel for sixteen years prior to 1864, when he retired. He was married in 1841 to Sarah Jones. They have two daughters: Mary A. and Charlotte B. Captain Nichols is a member of De Witt Clinton Lodge, A. F. & A. M.

George B. Nye, born in 1820, is a son of Joshua and Mary (Briggs) Nye, and a grandson of Ebenezer Nye. He followed the sea about


fifteen years, was twenty-five years in the butcher business, and since 1873 has been farming and growing cranberries. He was married in 1854 to Mercy, daughter of John Phinney. They have four children: George E., John P., Charles and Addie G.

Levi S. Nye was born in 1842. He is a son of Lemuel B. and grandson of Rev. Levi Nye. His mother was Eliza Sears. He was ten years in Boston engaged in a card and tag factory. In 1879, in company with his brother, he established the Sandwich Card and Tag Company, where he has been engaged since that time. He was married in 1867 to Martha Ann Bracket.

Samuel H. Nye, born in 1837, is the eldest son of Samuel, and grandson of Sylvanus Nye, who was a justice of the peace for several years. Samuel Nye married Mrs. Sarah P. Tobey, daughter of Daniel Rea. Mr. Nye is a farmer, has been selectman two years, and a member of the school committee several years. He was married in 1862 to Ruth A., daughter of Captain Dean Sears. They have three children: Rose S., Delia C. and Anna R. Mr. Nye was in the war nine months in Company D, Forty-fifth Massachusetts Volunteers, and is a member of Charles Chipman Post, G. A. R. He was a charter member of the East Sandwich Grange, P. of H. Near where Samuel H. Nye lives a mill privilege was granted to one of his ancestors, who built one of the earliest grist mills and carding mills in the county.

William L. Nye, born in 1839, is a brother of Levi S. Nye, mentioned above. He was for twenty years engaged in the card and tag works at Boston, and has been with the Sandwich Card and Tag Company since 1879. He was married in 1864 to Elizabeth, daughter of Stephen B. Nye, son of Charles, and grandson of Nathan Nye. They have two children: Augustus S. and Mary E. Mr. Nye is a democrat and has been chairman of both town and county democratic committees.

Nehemiah Packwood was born in 1837 in Worcestershire, England. He worked twenty-seven years in the Heath Glass Works in England. In 1867 he came to America and began as a glass cutter in the glass works at Sandwich, where he has since been employed. He was married in 1858 to Jemima Dudley. They have two children: Nehemiah, jr., and Lena.

Ephraim C. Percival, born in 1817, is a son of Timothy, grandson of Benjamin, and great-grandson of John Percival. His mother was Hannah, daughter of Ephraim Crocker. Mr. Percival is a farmer and trader. He was married in 1839 to Eliza A., daughter of Ansel Fish.

They have two children: Mercy F. and Horace. He is a member of Barnstable County Agricultural Society and a member of the West Barnstable Congregational church.


Fred. E. Pierce, born in 1859, is a son of David G. Pierce, who was for several years master of a whaling vessel. In 18?? Mr. Pierce came to Sandwich from Falmouth. He was assistant postmaster four years, three years in the grocery business, and four years in a boot and shoe store, prior to November, 1888. when it was destroyed by fire. He is the present proprietor of the East Providence Boot and Shoe Company. He was married in 1882 to Mary T. Bicknell, and they have one son, Frank C. Mr. Pierce is a republican and a member of DeWitt Clinton Lodge, A. F. & A. M.

Ezra T. Pope6, born in 1825, is descended from Seth5, Lemuel4, John3, Seth2, Seth Pope1. His mother was Hannah Tobey. Mr. Pope has been deputy sheriff twenty-two years, was representative in the legislature two years, in 1864 and 1865, and since 1874 he has been messenger and sergeant-at-arms in the state house at Boston. He was married in 1849 to Abigail Gibbs. Their children were: Francis E., Abbie G., Annie T., Augustus R., Ezra T., jr., .Seth F.. Eugene R., Eben C. and Alice E. Mr. Pope is a republican.

Charles Quinn, son of Michael Quinn, was born in 1827 in Ireland, and came to Massachusetts in 1828. He is a glass blower by trade. He came to Sandwich in 1850, where he worked at his trade until 1877. He has been deputy sheriff and constable since 1880. He was married in 1846 to Susan Darby. They have two sons—George T. and Charles S.

Philip H. Robinson, born in 1823, is a son of Thomas W. and grandson of Josiah Robinson. His mother was Abigail Nye. He is a farmer and has been a member of the legislature two terms, in 1873 and 1874. He was married in 1853 to Sylvia, daughter of Thomas Goodspeed. They have one son, Charles W., who is clerk of the court at Brockton, and was married to Elsie M. Kelley in 1885. Mr. Robinson is a member of East Sandwich Grange, P. of H., and has been deacon of the West Barnstable church for several 3-ears.

Sylvanus D. Robinson was born in 1840, in Falmouth. He is a son of Zephaniah and grandson of Zephaniah Robinson. His mother was Nancy Fessenden. He was engaged in whale fishing from 1855 to 1880, the last nine years as master of a vessel. Since 1881 he has been a farmer at East Sandwich. He was married in 1875 to Jessie Marshal, and has one son, Arthur W. Mr. Robinson is a member of East Sandwich Grange, and a member of Marine Lodge, A. F. & A. M.

James Shevlin, born in December, 1838, is a son of Philip and Elizabeth (McParlen) Shevlin. He entered the United States army in July, 1860, serving until July, 1867. He was selectman from March, 1884, until October, 1886, when he resigned to accept the office of postmaster at Sandwich, which position he still holds, tie was married January 29, 1875, to Annie, daughter of John and Mary McLaughlin. He is a democrat.


J. Charles Steever was born in 1862 in Troy, New York, from which place lie came to Wareham, Mass., where he learned the jeweler's trade. In September, 1884, he came to Sandwich and bought the jewelry business of C. A. Batchelor. and has continued the same since that time. He was married in 1887 to Hattie C, daughter of Rev. D. J. Griffin. They have one son, Charles G.

Edward J. Swann was born in 1842 in England. He is a son of John Swann, and grandson of Ebenezer Swann, both of whom were decorators in England. He came to this country in 1866, and in 1872 he came from New York to Sandwich, where he has been employed at his business of decorating glass and porcelain. He came to Sandwich on the day the great fire in Boston broke out. He was engaged as manager of the decorating department of the Boston and Sandwich Glass Company until the company suspended operations, and ahas been engaged in the same business on his own account for the past five years. He built one of the finest houses in Sandwich, which he afterward sold. He now owns the Dillingham farm. He has been twice married: first to Emily Lea, of England, and second to Lena Jones, of Barnstable. He has had five daughters by his first wife, and one daughter and one son by his second. He is a member of the Sandwich Congregational church and of DeWitt Clinton Lodge.

George H. Terry, born January 19, 1826, in Dennis, Mass., was for twenty-seven years a sea-faring man. He came to Sandwich in 1876, where he has since lived. His wife, Susan, was born October 18, 1839. Their children are: George R., born February, 1848; Susan E., June 21, 1851; George E., March 7, 1853; Sarah A., January 27, 1855; Meritta, March 7, 1857; Albatina, July 7, 1860; John L., June 1, 1863; Olive P., October 7, 1867; Louis E., June 6, 1869.

Bennett Wing, in 1796, had a wind grist mill at Scorton, which was later moved to South Yarmouth, where it served some years. One of the mill-stones is now in Daniel Wing's door-yard in South Yarmouth.

Eliza G. Wing kept for several years, at East Sandwich, a female school.

Henry Wing, son of John Wing, was born in Sandwich, and passed his life there, principally as a farmer, until his death, May 23, 1869. He was first married to Nancy Tobey, who died leaving two sons: Henry Thomas Wing and John Edward Wing, now in business in New York city. An older son, Samuel Davis Wing, died in infancy. On the 28th of February, 1864, Henry Wing married Elizabeth A. Tobey, his deceased wife's sister, who survives him. These sisters were the children of Thomas A. and Hannah Davis (Cobb) Tobey, whose homestead in Sandwich Elizabeth A. Wing, the widow, now occupies. Mr. and Mrs Tobey had six children: Nancy, Hannah Davis, Mary Nye, Elizabeth A., Heman, and Hemy Davis Tobey.


Joseph Wing, 2d. born in 1849, is a son of Paul, grandson of Gideon, and great-grandson of Paul Wing. His mother is Laura A. (Soule) Wing. Mr. Wing is a farmer. He was married in 1880 to Ada G., daughter of George B. Nye, and has one son, Paul.

Seth B. Wing, born in 1818 in Falmouth, is the youngest son of Joshua, grandson of Presbury, and great-grandson of Joshua Wing. His mother was Beulah Bowerman. Mr. Wing was a teacher for thirty-seven years, and since 1876 has been farming. He was married in 1845 to Cordelia, daughter of Alvin Phinney. They have two sons: Alvin P. and Charles H. Alvin P. was born in 1846. He is a carpenter by trade. He was married in 1872 to Lizzie C. Turner, and has one daughter, Cora M.

Stephen R. Wing, born in 1814, is a son of .Samuel and grandson of Paul Wing, whose father was Zacheus Wing. His mother was Ann Rogers, Mr. Wing is a farmer. He was married in 1840 to Elizabeth C, daughter of David and Mary (Sherman) Shove. They have four children living: Alice R., Anna, Asa S. and Stephen R., jr., and have lost three sons. Mr. Wing is a member of the Society of Friends.

Zenas W. Wright, born in 1815, is a son of Joseph, grandson of Luther, and great-grandson of Martin Wright. His mother was Mercy Weeks. Mr. Wright was engaged in whale fishing about thirty-three years, and was master of vessels thirteen years of that time. Since 1S65 he has been a farmer. He was married in 1842 to Sarah C, daughter of Edmund Handy. They have eight children: Susan E., Cynthia D., Elnora F..Griselda N., William P., Zenas W., jr., Franklin P. and Joseph E. They have lost two children. Mr. Wright is a member of the West Barnstable church.