Mount Washington Massachusetts, 1890
Mount Washington, a mountainous and beautiful town of about 25 square miles, forms the southwestern angle of Berkshire County and of the State of Massachusetts. Situated on the Taconic range of mountains, its noble elevations stand as sentinels between the Hudson and the Housatonic, both within view. On the north and northeast this town is bounded by Egremont; on the east by Sheffield; on the south by Salisbury in Connecticut; and west by Aneram and Copake, in New York. The Copake station on the New York and Harlem Railroad, four miles distant, is the nearest railroad connection for the town.
There are 9,127 acres of forest (more than half the area), consisting mostly of chestnut and yellow birch The chief elevations are Alander, Bare, Cedar and Mount Everett, the last being 2,624 feet high. Mount Everett is sometimes called the Taconic Dome, from its elevation and position in this range, and from its peculiar form. In altitude it excels all other mountains in the State, except Greylock, which occupies a corresponding position in the northwest. Dr. Edward Hitchcock says of the former mountain, in his "Geology of Massachusetts:" "Its central part is a somewhat conical, almost naked eminence, except that numerous yellow pines two or three feet high, and whortleberry bushes, have fixed themselves wherever the crevices of the rock afford sufficient soil. Thence the view from the summit is entirely unobstructed. . . . This certainly is the grandest prospect in Massachusetts, though others are more beautiful."
On the southwest side of Cedar Mountain are the beautiful Bishapish Falls, where a clear streamlet comes dashing down over the rocks a distance of 200 feet, filling the air with its feathery spray and mellow music. Other streams are Wright Brook, Lee Pond Brook and Guilder's Brook, the outlet of Guilder's Pond, a beautiful sheet of water in the northeast, 20 acres in extent. Plaintain Pond is another charming sheet covering 75 acres, lying between Race Mountain and a long curving hill in the southeast.
This town has 39 farms, whose product in 1885 was valued at $21,753. There are 41 dwelling-houses, and a population of 160, of whom 36 are legal voters. There are two public school buildings, valued at nearly $2,000; a Congregationalist church, and a Sunday school having a library of upwards of 350 volumes.
Originally Taucounuck Mountain Plantation, this place was incorporated as the town of Mount Washington, June 21, 1779. The town is noted for its whortleberries; and one of the summer diversions of the people, old and young, is the gathering of this delicious berry.
pp. 477-478 in Nason and Varney's Massachusetts Gazetteer, 1890